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Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Objective: There are various elements affecting the healthy family such as marital satisfaction. Various factors such as sexual satisfaction have an important impact on satisfaction of marital relationship.
The present study aimed to determine the association of marital satisfaction with sexual satisfaction among sexually active employee women. Methods: This analytical descriptive study was carried on married women employed at educational and medical centers of Golestan University of Medical Sciences. Questionnaires for data collection included Enrich Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire and self-constructed questionnaire demographic characteristic and sexual satisfaction. Statistical ificant level was set as 0. : The findings showed that in marital satisfaction scale, the majority of the participants In sexual satisfaction scale, most of the participants So with the increase of sexual satisfaction, there was an increase in marital satisfaction accordingly.
The effects of sexual satisfaction on marital satisfaction were moderated by of children and the level of education. Conclusion: The findings have implications for improving of couples' marital satisfaction by highlighting the need for awareness of sexual quality. According to the findings, it seems that development of educational programs and pre-marriage counseling is necessary. Continuous education would be helpful after marriage in addressing couples' unique transitional needs in marital life.
No society can claim to be healthy unless it has healthy families. Marriage and marital relationship is the start of forming a family 12. Marriage has been documented in every known culture.
In literature marriage is described as a normative, personal life event in adulthood and involves the cohabitation of two people with different characteristics and needs 4. In general, people get married for specific purposes such as finding meaning in life and loving for a better quality of marital life. It is worth noting that continuation of marriage may depend on factors like marital relationship; because matrimony is more successful when spouses establish a sense of satisfaction with each other 56.
Marital relationship is defined in terms of one or many of the following Married couple seeking orgasm college marital satisfaction, dyadic adjustment, and communication or conflict resolution style. Marital satisfaction is simply the degree of contentment regarding certain aspects of marital relationship as well as the whole relationship. According to some researches, marital satisfaction refers to a subjective and global evaluation of the relationship 78.
It is a situation in which, couples have satisfaction and feel happy and living together 9. The concept of marital satisfaction is a multifaceted and multidimensional concept including psychological, socioeconomic and spiritual components. Measures of marital satisfaction, in fact, vary from one researcher to another and their operational definition of marital satisfaction.
In particular, the criteria for a satisfying marital relationship may be highly varied and may depend on a unique set of culturally enforced norms, obligations, and values 6 Indeed, marital satisfaction is influenced by many factors, for example, safe and pleasurable sexual relationship is mentioned to be one of the most important factors noticed in many researches The research findings indicate that sexual affairs are at first rank in a married life and sexual satisfaction can bring about a favorable and convenient marriage Sexuality is one of the most complex and important aspects of women's life.
The nature of satisfactory things may change due to passage of time and some demographic factors such as age at marriage, of children, religious beliefs, and health status 12 Other demographic characteristics such as the quality of marriage and sexual satisfaction are related to marital satisfaction, as well 13 Despite the abundance of research in this area, rarely investigations have been conducted on Iranian couples.
In general, research studies have focused on marital satisfaction and sexual satisfaction separately on specific groups women with breast cancer, middle-aged couples and couples with infertility problems 16 - Most studies investigated whether demographic variables and intrapersonal and interpersonal factors i. study was reported the association between sexual and marital satisfaction but there is no evidence for moderating effects of these factors which have an impact on relationship between sexual satisfaction and marital satisfaction. This research would be helpful to identify some factors affecting on marital satisfaction.
Improving this awareness may persuade healthcare providers to develop context-based program in addressing marital satisfaction, thereby, higher marital satisfaction may lead to family stability. The present study aimed to determine the association of marital satisfaction with sexual satisfaction pre- during and post-sexual intercourse among sexually active employee woman.
This analytical descriptive study was carried on married women employed at educational and medical centers of Golestan University of Medical Sciences in Gorgan Panj-e-Azar, Taleghani, and Deziyani Hospital. These women had been married for at least one year and were living with their husbands, and were sexually active and were on their first marriage at the time of data collection. The participants, who were known as cases of psychiatric and physical disease and who were divorced or widow, were not eligible to participate in this study and were excluded.
According to the finding of study, the correlation coefficient between sexual satisfaction and marital satisfaction was 0. Although the response rate was not higher than in most studies on sexual satisfaction, we could not exclud the possibility that those who refused to fulfill the questionnaire had more or less sexual satisfaction than those who replied. Data collection was carried out with three questionnaires including demographic questionnaire, Enrich Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire and self-constructed Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire.
Prior to beginning the study, participants were informed about the general objective and the voluntary and confidential nature of participation. Because of the sensitivity of research topic, researchers in person distributed the questionnaire privately among the participants, who were interested in taking part in this research.
After fulfilling the anonym questionnaires, they returned it through a postage-paid envelop. A cover letter explained the objective of the study and participants were requested not to write their names and addresses to insure the information confidentiality. A demographic questionnaire was used to gain pertinent information regarding participants' age, employment status, marital status, income, of children, length of marriage, educational status and ethnicity, as well as their husbands' age, educational status and ethnic background.
The rate of marital satisfaction was measured by Enrich Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire. Scores can range from 47 towith higher scores indicating greater marital satisfaction. Married couple seeking orgasm college Persian form of this instrument is valid among Iranian population. It was tasted and the Cronbach's alpha of the questionnaire was 0. Marital satisfaction was considered into six following ; very unsatisfied, unsatisfied, satisfied, relative satisfied, very satisfied and extremely satisfied. The Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire is a item self-construct questionnaire measuring the rate of sexual satisfaction before, while and after sexual intercourse.
Women rate each question on a 4-point scale: most of the time, sometimes, seldom, or never; these are scored 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. Total scores can be obtained by summing relevant items. Scores can range from 20 to 80; higher scores reflect women who were more satisfied in their sexual activity. Sexual satisfaction was classified into four following ; not satisfied, relative satisfied, very satisfied, and extremely satisfied.
Reliability of self-construct Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire was established using a pilot test by collecting data from 30 married female employees at a Golestan University of Medical Sciences which not included in the sample. ificant level was set as 0.
The liner regression was used to explore a model for predicting the marital satisfaction as the dependent variable. This finding showed that the mean age of participants was Most of the participants Among the participants, In marital satisfaction scales, the majority of the participants In sexual satisfaction scale, So with the increase of marital satisfaction, sexual satisfaction also increased. Although 8. Descriptive statistics and correlation matrix for sexual and marital satisfaction are shown in table 1.
The mean score for sexual satisfaction was The findings indicated that there was not any statistical ificant association between sexual satisfaction and length of marriage, of children, level of education, and age difference of couples.
Although, the higher level of education, the lower of children, shorter duration of marriage and lower age difference of couples increase the sexual satisfaction, the association was not statistically ificant. The mean score for marital satisfaction was Although, age, length of marriage, of children, and age difference of couples were not ificant for predicting marital satisfaction, on the whole, the maritally more satisfied participants were those who reported as having a lower age, length of marriage, of children, and age difference of couples.
The result of regression analysis indicated that the magnitude of marital satisfaction can be predicted from the sexual satisfaction level based on following model:. Although the increase in the of children can reduce the rate of both sexual and marital satisfaction, it can increase the association between sexual and marital satisfaction.
The level of education can increase this relationship accordingly as well. Other observed demographic variables did not have impact on association between sexual and marital satisfaction Table 2. The effect of age and level of education on correlation of marital and sexual satisfaction.
This research revealed that more than half of the participants Ji et al. But Lau found that Comparison of the finding shows that adolescents and younger adults had lower rate of satisfaction in their sexual activities, regardless of marital status. According to Rezaipour et al. Although the mean score sexual satisfaction in our study was lower than this study, comparison between the rate of satisfaction in men and women may identify Married couple seeking orgasm college cause of difference.
In marital satisfaction scores, the mean score for marital satisfaction was The majority of the participants According to finding in Iran, the mean score for marital satisfaction was Despite the fact that the overall satisfaction was lower than our finding, finding of another study discriminated that the mean score of participants who were employed, was higher than housewives.
The revealed that marital satisfaction was ificantly related to sexual satisfaction, this finding was also supported by some other researchers, as they notified that some aspect of sexual satisfaction have considerable impact on marital satisfaction 91127 - Based on the findings, a ificant reverse association was observed between age and sexual satisfaction, finding of some studies support this finding that the lower the age of participants, the more the sexual satisfaction 1127 The of this study showed that there was no statistical ificant association between sexual satisfaction and some related factors such as age, age difference of couples, length of marriage, and of children.
Increase in the level of education was associated with increase in the rate of sexual satisfaction. Conversely, decrease in age, age difference of couples, length of marriage, and of children were associated with increase in the rate of sexual satisfaction. The of other studies indicated that sexual satisfaction was associated with some factors such as the length of marriage, age difference of couples 1127of children and level of education 13 Ji and Norling argue that education can affect the economic stability.
When couples are educated they have a greater chance of achieving economic stability, and thus, higher marital and sexual satisfaction than couples with less formal education The of this study indicated that marital satisfaction was associated with some related factors such as age, age difference of couples, length of marriage, and of children. Although the lower of age, length of marriage, of children, age difference of couples and the higher marital satisfaction, the difference was not statistically ificant.
Only level of education was ificantly related to marital satisfaction. Pervious study had also confirmed this finding; however, their were limited by male participants However, there is some discrepancy between this research and other studies 1. A recent study by Rahmani et al. The finding of another researcher confirmed this result and this finding demonstrated that the rate of marital satisfaction in age groups who had less than three years age difference, was higher than others 1.
The findings of this study indicated that marital satisfaction was not ificantly associated with of children. However, many studies have rejected this finding of the present study 1925 This study found that the less the length of marriage, the more marital satisfaction exists among the spouses.
Although the association was not statistically ificant, many studies have confirmed the finding of this study 192834 The finding of this research contradicts those of Jalili's study; he believes that husband's cooperation in house work and his sympathy may increase due to passage of time after marriage. In addition, they gradually learn love making and the changes can lead to increase marital satisfaction The finding implied that lower mean age led to increase in marital satisfaction, although this relationship was not ificant. However, there are some congruencies between this and other Married couple seeking orgasm college 19 Tahmasebi et al.
Carlson believes that growing older le to a change in the person's expectations and attitude. Married couple seeking orgasm college, age can have a great influence on marital satisfaction, while Nasehi found that there was no statsitically ificant correlation between age and marital satisfaction in women 1. In conclusion, findings of this study indicated that prediction of marital satisfaction by some demographic variables is possible.
It is important to consider several limitations and future directions of the present research when interpreting these findings. The differences between our and other research findings may be due to the lack of variety in sampling.
Our study analyzed only women who were employees of healthcare system. In addition, because most of the participants were highly educated, the of this study are not representative of all women. Further researches must be done with national random samples and both partners simultaneously to elucidate the impact of more socio-cultural factors on sexual and marital satisfaction. According to finding, increase in sexual satisfaction has a positive effect on marital satisfaction, so it seems giving information about improving sexual activity skills and marital relationship in pre-marriage consultation is very important for the quality and stability of family basis.
In conclusion, the health planners and the officials in charge pay more attention to women's sexual problems and sexual counseling clinics must be established in healthcare centers.Married couple seeking orgasm college
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The Relationship between Marital and Sexual Satisfaction among Married Women Employees at Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran